Flexbox Tutorial For Beginners 


Flexbox Tutorial For Beginners, If you’re new to web design and CSS, this is a great place to start. With Flexbox, you can easily create stunning layouts without stressing over the details.

In this blog post, we’ll explore what Flexbox can do for you and walk through a beginner tutorial step-by-step. Let’s get started on our journey into the wonderful world of Flexbox!

Flexbox, or Flexible Box Layout, is a modern web layout module derived from the CSS3 spec. It enables developers to easily create dynamic, responsive layouts by using a set of predefined CSS properties. It saves time and prevents frustration when trying to create more complex page designs on the web.

Unlike traditional design tools, Flexbox allows elements within a page to interact with each other like boxes; you can easily control their alignment and make sure they always appear in a certain order.

For example, you could easily reposition an item in your navigation menu without needing to update its associated HTML code. With Flexbox enabled, elements within the design can quickly stretch or shrink based on the browser window size or device type being used; this creates a much more adaptive and responsive experience for users interacting with your website design project.

Flexbox also makes it easier for developers to adhere to best practices involving accessibility and mobile use-cases – making content available across different platforms become simpler due to Flexbox’s core capabilities.

These powerful features help bridge the gap between visual design creations and code-level implementation flows for developers of all experience levels. Using flexbox is straightforward; all it requires is knowledge of setting a handful of properties along with an understanding of how each property affects other elements in the page layout hierarchy.

With this tutorial as your guide, you will be able to learn flexbox through 12 simple steps that explain what each property does and how they work together as part of an overall creative project workflow – giving you an in-depth understanding that only comes from hands-on learning!

Flexbox Tutorial For Beginners 

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Flexbox Terminology 

Flexbox is a powerful tool for web developers that allows developers to easily layout content across multiple web browsers. Learning flexbox can be daunting at first, but understanding the basic terminology can help make the learning process easier. Here is a list of some of the most common terms used when discussing and using flexbox.

Container – The “flex container” is an element on your page that contains elements you want to be able to manipulate using flexbox rules. This container uses display: flex to signify its importance when styling with flexbox.

Item – Items are direct descendants of the container, acting as children within it. The items are manipulated by flexbox according to the rules you set for them and the items’ properties determine how they wrap and flow within their parent container.

Main axis/Cross axis – Each item in a container has two separate axes which indicate how elements move relative to each other within it. The main axis runs in the same direction as your direction attribute on your container and is usually either horizontal or vertical (depending on which direction value you assign).

Each item also has a cross-axis which runs at 90 degrees from your main axis, defining how elements are laid out across one another rather than along the same line.

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Main size/Cross size – These are values assigned to individual items within your container that describe how wide or tall an element should be relative to its siblings.

Main size will refer to either width (if your main axis is set as row) or height (if your main axis is set as column) and defines how much space an element takes up along its main axis relative solely to other sibling elements in its same exposed level of nesting.

Cross size will refer either to height (if row) or width (if column), but in this instance affects how much space one element takes up relative not just other siblings but also parent containers which contain them all nested together slightly deeper within DOM tree hierarchy levels than their true peer level siblings may indicate visually on screen layout viewports alone.

Flexbox Properties 

Flexbox (flexible box) is a set of styling properties that give you the ability to arrange HTML elements on the page in any direction. It simplifies working with multiple HTML elements and allows them to be flexible in size and positioning.

Flexbox also gives you control over how elements interact with each other, including how they wrap around themselves or resize with one another.

The flexbox properties provide an efficient way to manage layout and responsiveness within a container, consisting of the following:

-flex-direction: This specifies the direction in which the elements are arranged inside the container. The possible values are row (elements are aligned horizontally), row-reverse (elements are aligned from right to left), column (elements are aligned vertically from top to bottom) and column-reverse (elements are arranged from bottom to top).

-justify-content: This determines how the space is filled between items when allocating it across a horizontal or vertical axis. The possible values include flex-start (items are flowing from left/top), flex-end (items flow from right/bottom), center, space-between (items appear at a uniform interval), and space-around (equal spacing around elements).

-align-items: This sets up how children should align along a secondary axis when items don’t fit neatly within a container’s boundaries. Possible values include stretch (items stretch along desired container’s width/height ), flex-start, flex -end, center, baseline(places items on same baseline)

Using these properties can prove quite useful if you want your design look nice on any kind device. You can easily create responsive layouts by simply setting up certain parameters for different viewports sizes without writing much code.

Flexbox Layout Examples 

Flexbox is a powerful layout tool that makes creating complex layouts simple, quick, and intuitive. It adds flexibility to the design process and makes coding efficient and straightforward.

With Flexbox, it is possible to create complex layouts with ease on both webpages and mobile devices by setting the elements in any direction.

In this tutorial, we’ll provide an introduction to Flexbox and its various layout examples. We’ll cover basic concepts like the flex-container concept along with examples of how to create flex layouts for header navigation bars, footer rows and grid components.

Additionally, we’ll explore how you can make the best use of shorthand properties within Flexbox for more efficient development cycles.

Flexbox offers many advantages that make it easier for developers of all skill levels to create complex layouts quickly. In this tutorial, we’ll discuss four common layout configurations used in Flexbox:

1) A column-based flex-layout for headers;

2) A row-based flex-layout for footers;

3) A grid-based flex-layout for content;

4) And a combination of these three styles when needed.

Flexbox Responsive Design 

Flexbox is a great solution for creating responsive web designs that are flexible and adaptable to multiple screen sizes. Flexbox is a powerful layout system and can be used on any website, large or small.

It is often used for complex layouts and offers more control than traditional CSS approaches, like floats. Flexbox applies to elements usually inside a container element named “flex container”.

The items inside the container will become flex items, which can resize their widths or heights in relation to their parent container. This ability to dynamically resize makes building responsive designs much easier as the flex items adjust with changing screen sizes and device orientations.

The syntax of Flexbox allows you set the size of your flex containers and how much space there should be between each item within a container.

You can also choose to align your items relative to one another or specify how large an item should be relative to other elements in its row or column, making it easier than ever to design unique layouts with equal spacing between all articles regardless of content length.

Flexbox Browser Support

Flexbox is a powerful layout tool and is supported by most modern browsers. With proper fallbacks, it is possible to use flexbox in nearly any modern browser. Internet Explorer 10 and below do not support flexbox, however, IE11 does.

The main browsers that currently update versions are Chrome, Firefox (Gecko), Microsoft Edge (EdgeHTML) and Safari (WebKit). As of December 2020, these browsers all have full support for the flexbox specification.

Chrome 29+, Firefox 28+, Edge 12+ and Safari 9+ are the only current browsers supporting the older version of the specification known as Flexbox 2009 or ‘tweener’ syntax.

Across these four older syntax-supporting browsers some features will be better supported than others — this is why graceful degradation should always be considered when using Flexbox.

For example, Internet Explorer 10 does not support any version of Flexbox, but there are plenty of options for providing a fallback option that allows your layout to still function properly.

Most people today will have access to the latest version of their preferred browser which should have full-fledged flexbox support — though there can be exceptions so it’s important to test in older versions too.

Knowing how an older browser implementation may behave in relation to newer ones can provide you with an idea of what users may experience when coming across your website or web application while using an older browser version.

Flexbox Troubleshooting Tips 

Flexbox provides a powerful way to control the layout of elements on a webpage. Unfortunately, it can be sometimes tricky to make use of, particularly for newcomers.

In this guide, we will offer some helpful troubleshooting tips that can help you overcome common issues with Flexbox and make sure your website looks accurate and attractive.

Ensure You’re Using the Correct Syntax: There are specific values that must be used when making use of Flexbox — make sure you enter the correct number of parameters and they are in the correct order (e.g., flex-grow, flex-shrink, flex-basis).

If you’re uncertain about syntax or usage requirements, refer to documentation or look up tutorials online.

Check Your Browser Compatibility: Flexbox is supported by most major browsers as a way to maintain proper websites across multiple devices.

However, sometimes different versions implement features differently so it’s a good idea to run checks with various devices and browsers in order to catch any discrepancies early on.

Watch Out For Cross-Element Conflict: While Flexbox mostly keeps elements aligned within their own boundaries, overlapping elements do sometimes occur.

To avoid unnecessary conflicts between stacked items in your web layout, add “z-index” values whenever possible for greater control over overlap address any potential issue beforehand rather than dealing with resulting confusion later down the line.

Test That Everything Is Fluid: When implementing more complex designs involving Flexbox – especially involving stacks of multiple containers – ensure that each element is correctly transitioning/moving as intended across all devices/browsers prior to launch (i.e., mobile vs desktop display).

A great way to test these kinds of issues is by using breakpoints that allow UI design changes at different screen widths/resolutions and comparing results against predetermined targets or existing page designs until it matches perfectly.


Congratulations! You’ve now completed our Flexbox tutorial for beginners. In this tutorial, we reviewed the core concepts and usage of Flexbox – a powerful tool for creating responsive, fluid layouts with just a few lines of CSS.

Through practical examples, you learned the syntax and how to apply it to create simple and complex page layouts. We started off by exploring what Flexbox is and looking at basic examples of how it works on boxes.

We then moved on to more complex layouts with more than two columns and boxes of different sizes. We then looked at some useful properties such as auto margins, grow and shrink properties, reversed direction, flex-wrap and using percentage values with flex-basis instead of widths and heights.

Finally we examined some cool responsive solutions that you can use such as flex-direction breaks or media queries within the same flex container.

The possibilities are endless when using Flexbox! Now that you’ve covered the basics of working with this powerful tool, why not also look into some additional resources for Flexbox? Good luck developing your own great-looking webpages!

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I'm Programmer, Digital Marketer, and Blogger, I have been working on the web for 04 years. Basically, I have been sharing personal expertise on my website.


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